A scene of crime is a spot, area or surrounding where an act which resulted into a crime took place. A crime scene is visited with a view to investigating a criminal act. The key principle of crime scene management is Locard’s Exchange Principle which states that every contact leaves a trace.
Wildlife forensic science contributes to solving crimes through investigative activities. These include determining the cause of wildlife death, identifying suspects, finding missing wildlife parts and profiling wildlife. Forensic scientists can identify suspects by analysing evidence found at the scene of a crime such as blood and fingerprints. Forensic science is also key in exonerating the innocent.
The International Consortium On Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) -This is a partnership between the CITES Secretariat, Interpol, UNODC, the World Bank and the World Customs Organization (WCO) and is a unique pool of technical and programming expertise to address wildlife and forest crime.
For purposes of wildlife law enforcement, African states are parties to various international agreements including CITES which regulates trade in wildlife and wildlife products, UNCTOC which seeks to curb transnational organized crimes and the UNCAC which addresses corruption in law enforcement.
This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the work INTERPOL has done against global wildlife crime, including operational, tactical and analytical activities undertaken in cooperation with our 194 member countries and strategic partners.
Tanzanian law provides for various kinds of penalties that can be meted out. These include death, imprisonment, corporal punishment, fines, forfeiture, compensation and giving security to keep the peace.