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Ministry
Posted in Blog Botswana

Management and Administration of the Wildlife Sector in Botswana

The Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources Conservation and Tourism In Botswana, Wildlife Management falls under the Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources Conservation and Tourism. The…

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Courts
Posted in Blog Prosecution Uncategorized

The Role of Courts in Wildlife Cases

Courts play an important role in breathing life into the legislative process by interpreting the law. They are bridges between science and law.

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Environmental Governance
Posted in Publications

Featured Publication, September 2020

THE ROLE OF THE JUDICIARY IN ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE: COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES, Louis J Kotzé and Alexander R. Paterson, Eds (Kluwer Law International B.V., 2009) Overview This…

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Judicial Independence
Posted in Blog Prosecution

Judicial Independence in Adjudicating Over Wildlife Crime Cases

Judicial independence means autonomy of the courts from external actors. It is the ability of the judiciary to carry out its mandate free of influence…

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Aggravating
Posted in Blog Prosecution

Factors to Consider When Sentencing

(a) Aggravating Factors Aggravating factors are factors that the court takes into account in order to increase the severity of punishment. Prosecutors can offer evidence…

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Sentencing Principles
Posted in Blog Prosecution

Sentencing Principles

Sentencing principles are the rationales supporting the imposition of penalties and form the basis of sentencing decisions. These principles include: (a) Parsimony This principle dictates…

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History of Punishment
Posted in Publications

Featured Publication, July 2020

This book gives the reader a history and background of punishment from the context of the United States of America, China and Saudi Arabia.

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Types of Punishment
Posted in Law Enforcement Prosecution

Types of Punishment

Types of punishment that may be imposed include capital punishment, imprisonment, judicial corporal punishment, fines, compensation, forfeiture and confiscation, costs, security to keep the peace, security for good behaviour, suspended sentences, discharges, probation, community service and revocation of rights.

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Sentencing regimes
Posted in Law Prosecution

Sentencing Regimes; Theories of Punishment

A sentence is a decree of punishment. Sentencing frameworks range from highly prescriptive systems that afford judicial officers very little discretion to systems that allow them to exercise wide discretion.

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Bail and Bond Regimes
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement Prosecution

Conditions for Bail

Introduction Courts have discretionary powers when granting or refusing bail.  They may impose conditions on the accused person in addition to the bail amount. Such…

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