This publication evaluates the role of property rights in wildlife management and the laws in place for the protection of biodiversity and the rights impacting on management activities. The paper argues that private property rights and current wildlife conservation and management laws and policies in Kenya fail to provide the solution to wildlife biodiversity erosion partly because of their preoccupation with a monolithic system of property ownership favouring the state and individuals and neglecting communities and/or groups.
Penalties under the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act and subsidiary legislation involve a combination of fines and imprisonment. The Act also provides for administrative penalties including forfeiture, destruction of instrumentalities of crime and cancellation of permits.
Wildlife law enforcement is inherently trans-disciplinary and the enforcers need to consult and have an understanding of other related disciplines and the laws which regulate them.
These Guidelines were developed as a guide to best practices and procedures in order to ensure that appropriate methods and procedures are used throughout the entire investigation process so that forensic data collected is credible and admissible. The Guidelines aim to facilitate the use of forensic science to the fullest extent possible in order to combat wildlife crime, and in particular, to combat the trade in illegal ivory.