Sentencing Regimes; Theories of Punishment
A sentence is a decree of punishment. Sentencing frameworks range from highly prescriptive systems that afford judicial officers very little discretion to systems that allow them to exercise wide discretion.
Featured Publication, December 2019
LYSTER’S INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE LAW, Michael Bowman, Peter Davies and Catherine Redgwell (2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2010) Overview The second edition of Lyster’s International Wildlife…
Rules of Admissibility of Evidence
Introduction Rules of evidence have been created in criminal law to protect the accused person by ensuring that the evidence is dependable, credible and trustworthy…
International Legal Regime on Wildlife Law Enforcement
For purposes of wildlife law enforcement, African states are parties to various international agreements including CITES which regulates trade in wildlife and wildlife products, UNCTOC which seeks to curb transnational organized crimes and the UNCAC which addresses corruption in law enforcement.
Penalties in Tanzania Wildlife Legislation
Tanzanian law provides for various kinds of penalties that can be meted out. These include death, imprisonment, corporal punishment, fines, forfeiture, compensation and giving security to keep the peace.
Offences in Tanzania’s Wildlife Legislation
Wildlife legislation in Tanzania creates various offences to enforce its provisions. The offences aim at protecting habitats, protecting wildlife, regulating hunting, regulating trade in wildlife and wildlife products, regulating wildlife trophies and ensuring proper administration and enforcement of the law.
Penalties in Eswatini’s Wildlife Legislation
The highest prison term is under the Game Act for offences against protected game. The Game Act provides a mandatory minimum of 5 years imprisonment and a maximum of 15 years imprisonment without the option of a fine.
Offences in Eswatini’s Wildlife Legislation
Eswatini’s wildlife laws set out a number of offences to protect habitats, to protect wildlife, to regulate hunting, to regulate trade in wildlife and wildlife products to regulate wildlife trophies and to ensure proper administration of the laws.
Penalties in Mozambique’s Wildlife Legislation
The Constitution of Mozambique provides that no penalty shall deprive persons of any of their civil, professional or political rights, nor shall any penalty deprive a convicted person of his or her fundamental rights, except in so far as the restrictions are inherent to the conviction and are specifically necessary for the execution of the sentence.
Offenses in Mozambique’s Wildlife Legislation
Mozambican law has set out offences to protect habitats, to protect wildlife, to regulate hunting and to regulate trade in wildlife and wildlife product. The main laws that define wildlife offenses are the Forests and Wildlife Law, Forestry and Wildlife Regulations and the Conservation Areas Law. The Forestry and Wildlife Regulations, being a regulation, provides more details than the Forests and Wildlife Law and the Conservation Areas Law.