Posted in Blog Country Law Swaziland

Penalties in Eswatini’s Wildlife Legislation

The highest prison term is under the Game Act for offences against protected game. The Game Act provides a mandatory minimum of 5 years imprisonment and a maximum of 15 years imprisonment without the option of a fine.

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Posted in Blog Country Law Swaziland

Offences in Eswatini’s Wildlife Legislation

Eswatini’s wildlife laws set out a number of offences to protect habitats, to protect wildlife, to regulate hunting, to regulate trade in wildlife and wildlife products to regulate wildlife trophies and to ensure proper administration of the laws.

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Posted in Blog Country Law Mozambique

Penalties in Mozambique’s Wildlife Legislation

The Constitution of Mozambique provides that no penalty shall deprive persons of any of their civil, professional or political rights, nor shall any penalty deprive a convicted person of his or her fundamental rights, except in so far as the restrictions are inherent to the conviction and are specifically necessary for the execution of the sentence.

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Posted in Blog Country Law Mozambique

Offenses in Mozambique’s Wildlife Legislation

Mozambican law has set out offences to protect habitats, to protect wildlife, to regulate hunting and to regulate trade in wildlife and wildlife product. The main laws that define wildlife offenses are the Forests and Wildlife Law, Forestry and Wildlife Regulations and the Conservation Areas Law. The Forestry and Wildlife Regulations, being a regulation, provides more details than the Forests and Wildlife Law and the Conservation Areas Law. 

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Posted in Blog Country Ethiopia Law

Penalties in Ethiopia’s Wildlife Legislation

The laws of Ethiopia provide for administrative, pecuniary and custodial penalties for wildlife offences.

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Posted in Blog Country Ethiopia Law

Offences in Ethiopia’s Wildlife Legislation

Introduction The three main Federal pieces of legislation that prescribe wildlife offences in Ethiopia are the Development, Conservation and Utilization of Wildlife Proclamation (Proclamation No….

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Posted in Blog Botswana Country Law Prosecution

Penalties in Botswana’s Wildlife Legislation

Penalties under the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act and subsidiary legislation involve a  combination of fines and imprisonment.  The Act also provides for administrative penalties including forfeiture, destruction of instrumentalities of crime and cancellation of permits.

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Posted in Blog Botswana Country Law

Offences in Botswana’s Wildlife Legislation

Introduction For enforcement of its provisions, the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act creates offenses.  It criminalizes a wide range of activities which may impact…

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Posted in Blog Law Law Enforcement

Defining Offences and Penalties in a Wildlife Law

The wildlife law has to clearly define what conduct is considered an offense. Defining offenses increases the effectiveness of law enforcement mechanisms within the law.

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Posted in Blog Law Prosecution

Use of Other Laws to Strengthen Wildlife Crime Prosecutions

Wildlife law enforcement is inherently trans-disciplinary and the enforcers need to consult and have an understanding of other related disciplines and the laws which regulate them. 

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