Category: Law Enforcement

Types of Punishment
Posted in Law Enforcement Prosecution

Types of Punishment

Types of punishment that may be imposed include capital punishment, imprisonment, judicial corporal punishment, fines, compensation, forfeiture and confiscation, costs, security to keep the peace, security for good behaviour, suspended sentences, discharges, probation, community service and revocation of rights.

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Bail and Bond Regimes
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement Prosecution

Conditions for Bail

Introduction Courts have discretionary powers when granting or refusing bail.  They may impose conditions on the accused person in addition to the bail amount. Such…

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Bail and Bond Regimes
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement Prosecution

Bail and Bond Regimes

Bail is an agreement between court and the accused person for his/her temporary release from custody pending trial. The accused person is required to make a deposit of either cash or assets as security to attend trial. If the accused person fails to attend court, the bail can be forfeited and the accused person returned to custody.

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Canine Evidence
Posted in Blog Evidence Law Enforcement

Admissibility of Canine Evidence in Wildlife Crime Cases

Introduction Canine evidence is an important subject because law enforcement agencies are increasingly using working dogs in wildlife law enforcement.  Law enforcement agencies use dogs…

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Intelligence
Posted in Blog Evidence Intelligence Law Enforcement

Converting Intelligence into Evidence

Points of Departure between Intelligence and Evidence Intelligence and evidence are very closely related.  They sometimes overlap. However, there are some points of departure between…

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Posted in Law Enforcement Publications

Featured Publication, October 2019

KILLING FOR PROFIT: EXPOSING THE ILLEGAL RHINO HORN TRADE, Julian Rademeyer (Zebra Press, 2012) Rhino horn is worth more than cocaine, heroin or even gold…

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Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Challenges in Wildlife Crime Investigations

(a) Vast Terrain One key challenge is the vast terrain. The jurisdiction in protected areas is very wide and quick response to crime scenes is…

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Posted in Blog Evidence Law Enforcement

Forensic Science and its Role in Wildlife Crime Investigations

What is Forensic Evidence? This is evidence obtained by use of scientific methods and relied upon in a court of law. Forensic evidence can be…

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Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Managing Physical Evidence

Preservation and Handling of Physical Evidence The preservation and handling of physical evidence will depend on: The state of the evidence e.g. liquid, solid, latent,…

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Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Collection of Evidence in a Wildlife Crime Scene

Observation Before collecting evidence in a wildlife crime scene, use observation techniques from a vantage point to make decisions on how you will process the…

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