The main law governing wildlife in Ethiopia is the Development, Conservation and Utilization of Wildlife Proclamation. This is a federal proclamation and individual states may enact their own laws addressing wildlife conservation within their jurisdictions.
The main strategy and policy that addresses wildlife conservation is the Wildlife Policy and Strategy of 2005 (WPS). This policy emphasizes development-oriented conservation. The main objective of the WPS is to create a conducive environment whereby the country’s wildlife and their habitats are protected and developed in a sustainable manner, and to enable the sector to play an important role in the economic development of the country.