Penalties under the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act and subsidiary legislation involve a combination of fines and imprisonment. The Act also provides for administrative penalties including forfeiture, destruction of instrumentalities of crime and cancellation of permits.
Botswana has a comprehensive legislative framework on wildlife. The main law governing wildlife conservation is the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act of 1992. Prior to the enactment of the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act, wildlife conservation and Management of National parks was addressed under two different laws. These are the Fauna Conservation Act (repealed) of 1961 and the National Parks Act (repealed) of 1967.
The key objective of the Wildlife Conservation Policy is to encourage the development of a commercial wildlife industry that is viable on a long-term basis. The specific objectives of the WCP are to realise the full potential of the wildlife resource, to develop a commercial wildlife industry in order to create economic opportunities, jobs and incomes for the rural population and to increase the supply of meat as a consequence of the further development of wildlife commercial utilisation.