Author: DidiWamukoya

Corruption
Posted in Blog Crime Law Enforcement

Corruption as a Catalyst to Wildlife Crime

What is Corruption? Corruption can mean different things to different people. It is the practice of obtaining power, influence, money or other personal gains through…

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Wildlife Crime
Posted in Blog Crime

Wildlife Crime in Africa: An Overview

Wildlife crime still remains a serious conservation issue which has grown so much as to have international ramifications. Wildlife crime includes poaching, illegal exploitation of wildlife resources, encroachment into protected areas, illegal wildlife trade and destruction of wildlife habitats.   It has both direct and indirect negative impacts on local communities, including depletion of the resource base on which they depend for their livelihoods.  According to recent studies, wildlife crime is the fourth largest illegal activity in the world, after drug trafficking, counterfeiting and human trafficking, with an annual turnover of at least US$ 19 billion.

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DNA
Posted in Evidence Law Enforcement

Introduction to Wildlife DNA Forensics

What is DNA? DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. It is the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organisms and is sometimes referred to…

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Trafficking
Posted in Crime Law Enforcement

Trafficking Modus Operandi

Concealment Criminals who are trafficking wildlife products sometimes conceal them so that law enforcers do not detect them. They pay special attention to concealing the…

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Identifying
Posted in Blog Evidence Law Enforcement

Identifying Commonly Trafficked Species and Specimens

Identifying Ivory Identifying whole or worked elephant tusks is often done morphologically due to its unique characteristics. Elephant ivory comes from the two modified upper…

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Species Identification
Posted in Blog Evidence Law Enforcement

Species Identification Methods

What is Species Identification Species Identification is important in law enforcement as law enforcers often come across illegally trafficked wildlilfe or their body parts. The…

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Guidelines
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Guidelines Regarding Use of Force

Basic Guidelines The UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials provides for various guidelines regarding use of force….

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Force
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Use of Force

Principles on Use of Force The majority of law enforcement officers have no desire to engage in a physical confrontation during their duties. However, due…

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Powers
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Powers of Wildlife Law Enforcers

1. Powers of Search and Entry Powers of entry and associated powers (such as search and seizure) are important tools that facilitate the protection of…

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Ethical Dilemmas
Posted in Blog Law Enforcement

Ethical Dilemmas in Wildlife Law Enforcement

Introduction Law enforcement officers face many types of ethical decisions on a daily basis. They can take a number of ethical approaches in making a…

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