The Role of the Prosecutor in Wildlife Crime Cases

¤ An Administrator of Justice

Administration of justice is the protection of individuals from the unjust and/or unlawful deeds of others. As an administrator of justice, it is the duty of the prosecutor to seek justice and not merely to convict. The prosecutor should also seek to reform and improve the administration of criminal justice.

¤ An Advocate for the Community

A prosecutor is an advocate for the entire community and as such represents the interests of the community in court. He acts independently but in the general public interest. As much as the goal of any criminal case is conviction, a prosecutor is an advocate for the community.  As such, he should act in the interests of the defendant, the victim and the community at large.  His key role should be to seek the truth despite the fact that such truth will lead to either a conviction or acquittal.


¤ An Upholder of the Rule of Law

Rule of law is the exercise of state power guided by written standards.  The written standards should embody social values and enjoy public support. Rule of law entails a fair, predictable and stable legal framework. For rule of law to be effective, the prosecutor must apply the laws consistently and fairly. It is the duty of the prosecutor to ensure that both procedural and substantive law are applied consistently and fairly in any given case that he is prosecuting.

¤ An Officer of the Court

As officers of the Court, prosecutors have an obligation to promote justice and effective operation of the judicial system . As such, prosecutors must act competently, diligently and honestly when dealing with the court. A prosecutor must not knowingly or recklessly mislead the Court or provide false or inaccurate information to the court. The prosecutor must also disclose all material information to the court.

Author: DidiWamukoya

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