WILDLIFE LAW ENFORCEMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN PROTECTED AREAS: A REVIEW OF BEST PRACTICES, David W. Henson, Robert C. Malpas and Floris A.C. D’Udine, Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 58 (IUCN, 2016)
Unprecedented levels of poaching of elephants, rhinos and other high value charismatic species across Africa is severely threatening the future of these species and the ecosystems they inhabit. As poaching groups increase in size, number and sophistication, it is more important than ever that law enforcement responses in protected areas are robust, reliable, and effective.
The report is primarily aimed at supporting law enforcement strengthening at the protected area or site-level; however, some of the law enforcement best practices the report describes may also be relevant at the sub-national and even national level. The report is primarily aimed at protected area or site level managers and professionals. This could be government, community or private sector managers, as well as staff from NGOs and other organizations supporting law enforcement practices in these areas.
By highlighting initiatives that have been proven to achieve success and address existing shortfalls in law
enforcement activities, it is hoped that the law enforcement practices described in the report can influence and inform the implementation of more effective anti-poaching interventions. It is also hoped that the review will improve communication and knowledge sharing across sectors and countries, including helping to promote more and better targeted wildlife law enforcement support across the continent.
The report describes a range of emerging as well as longstanding law enforcement best practices, which, in the view of the report’s authors, are likely to be of maximum relevance for the mainstream of law enforcement professionals working in protected areas across the continent. It does not attempt to be
an exhaustive manual of all law enforcement best practices being implemented across the continent, nor does it attempt to describe some of the most advanced law enforcement practices that are now underway in some protected areas which, while very promising, may not yet be relevant to the mainstream of law enforcement managers and professionals. Furthermore, to keep the report to an acceptable length, the
various best practices are described relatively superficially, but wherever possible the reader is pointed to additional resources where further information can be sourced as required. As such the report aims to present in a single document the spectrum of approaches that effective site-level wildlife law enforcement requires, and to provide an insight into approaches that have worked and could potentially be adapted to other circumstances.
You can read the full report here.