LAND TENURE, LAND USE AND SUSTAINABILITY IN KENYA; TOWARDS INNOVATIVE USE OF PROPERTY RIGHTS IN WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, Dr. Patricia Kameri-Mbote, IELRC Working Paper, 2005-4
The sustainable management of biological diversity is a major concern of the international community which now realizes that this diversity is being eroded at an alarming rate due consumptive uses of species as well as the excessive alteration of habitats owing to human activities such as cultivation, pastoralism, and urbanisation. The increase in human population around the world also accelerates species extinction as such population exerts more pressure on available resources.
This publication evaluates the role of property rights in wildlife management and the laws in place for the protection of biodiversity and the rights impacting on management activities. The paper argues that private property rights and current wildlife conservation and management laws and policies in Kenya fail to provide the solution to wildlife biodiversity erosion partly because of their preoccupation with a monolithic system of property ownership favouring the state and individuals and neglecting communities and/or groups.
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